What is Carbon Footprint? and How to reduce it?

Carbon Footprint is the total amount of Carbon Dioxide and other greenhouse gases such as methane, laughing gas, etc., which are emitted from products or services (according to ISO 14040) throughout their life cycle. The sources of such gases come from daily activities such as the use of electricity, the use of fossil fuels, the processes in industry or agriculture, food, manufactured goods, materials, roads or transportation, etc.

Carbon Footprint is a quantitative measure of the impact of products and services from human activities on the environment. Using the indicator is Global Warming Potential (GWP). The average Greenhouse gas emissions in Thailand are 5.3 – 5.5 tonCO2/person/year.

How To Reduce My Personal Carbon Footprint?

  1. Food
    – Reusing food waste including leaf waste and animal manure is fermented in biogas fermentation tanks. Principle of anaerobic digestion of microorganisms. These will turn organic waste into biogas that can be used for household cooking gas, and generate electricity.

    – Waste food can produce bio-fermented water which is a liquid resulting from organic fermentation such as food waste, plants, vegetables, fruits, including herbs. With sweeteners such as molasses, sugar, honey, organic matter is degraded by microorganisms. They can be used to reduce and replace the use of household chemicals such as mixing with dishwashing liquid, washing clothes, shampoo, and for agricultural purposes.

    – Eat local and seasonal produce food in order to short trips mean less pollution from transportation.
  1. Energy
    – Always unplug after use.

    – Use LED bulbs

    – Turn on the air conditioner at a suitable temperature of 26°C, but if you want to feel as cool as 24°C, turn on the fan to help without reducing the temperature of the air conditioner.

    – Ironing a large number of clothes at a time, should not be ironed often.

    – Turn off the TV and unplug it after use and should not be turned off with the remote.

    – Organize your refrigerator properly and do not open the refrigerator often. Do not leave it open for a long time.
  1. Water
    – Water should be completely closed while rubbing the soap. Then turn on the water again after washing your body with soap.

    – Washing clothes in small pieces at a time will waste a lot of water because they have to be washed gradually, which when the amount of washing water is combined, it will be many times more than washing once combined. Therefore, it should be stored for washing at the same time, perhaps washing only 1 or 2 times a week.
  1. Plastic
    – Reducing the use of plastic straws by using silicone or stainless straws. Plastic straws are also considered another problem for the world. By buying 1 drink, you will get 1 more plastic that takes time to decompose about 450 years.

    – Using cloth bags instead of plastic bags. In addition, the cloth bags are thick, strong, durable, and can also be reused 100 times. If we always wash and clean, a cloth bag should be used 327 times or more (or about 2 years). This can help reduce plastic bag waste for the world.

    – Carrying the cutlery, chopsticks, personal bottle, and glass in order to reduce the purchase of plastic drinking water and plastic cups.
  1. Transportation
    – Car or motorcycles will emit carbon monoxide and a large number of other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. It is another cause of global warming. Therefore, the way to reduce global warming that everyone can help each other is to use public transportation instead of private cars.

Environmental conservation can help reduce the impact of natural disasters or help mitigate natural disasters because all kinds of natural resources are inseparably related, linked, and connected. When there are more natural resources, they will become habitats for more living creatures. Conservation of natural resources that exist on the planet, it does not mean just keeping it, but it also means that those resources can be used properly for human benefit without destroying them. Grant all citizens the right to jointly take care of, develop, and restore those natural resources to bring them back to life in a sustainable and permanent way.


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