Top 3 Thailand’s most wanted waste paper

     Since 2019, Thailand became a Popular logistics point in South-East Asia yet challenge to towards “21th-Century Global Logistics and Trading Hub of ASEAN”. Of which, Thailand government has signed with China in participating “One Belt and One Road” strategy to expand its investments via “Silk Road Economic Belt” and the “Maritime Silk Road” starting from ASEAN and connecting to South Asia, Central Asia and west to Europe. That’s made Thailand shinning more as the More attractive investing spot, especially for the Start-Up industry or Supply chain business. Meanwhile, from those drastically growth could reflect into more packaging and transportation related stuffs can lead to massive quantity of scraps even waste papers to deal with. However, for optimism, we could also see lots of them turn into benefits.

Picture: One Belt, One Road
Credit to https://www.chinadailyasia.com/nation/2016-12/18/content_15544222.html

     Let’s see what are the possibilities in the ocean of recovered paper here. Well, when it comes to Waste papers in Thailand’s scrap and garbage market which can be classified into many grades based on the PS-2018 standard of USA that Daiwa Shiryo Trading use as principle rule.

     In fact, the Most wanted papers can be separated to 2 categories as follows for selling to recycling yards, paper mills and pulp mills.

Most wanted by Importing items

1. OCC 95/5      (Origin: EU, USA or Canada, Japan, Korea, AUS and more)

2. Mixed paper  (Origin: EU, AUS, USA, Japan, Middle-East, and more)

3. OCC 98/2      (Origin: EU, Korea, Middle-East and more)

Others are ONP#8 or OINP#9, shredded paper and etc.

Most wanted by Domestic collection

1. OCC 98/2 (nearly)

2. Black and white (Thailand original grade in between grade of SOP & SWL)

3. Mixed paper

The rest are ONP#8, Art paper, Kraft paper roll, Green read and etc.

If you would like to know more insights on Thailand’s market and other aspects, just drop us an email at sales@daiwashiryotrading.com

Daiwa Shiryo Paper Recycling ECO-POST

What is "Paper Recycling ECO-POST"?
   Eco-Post was named by Daiwa Shiryo’s for the station of recyclable waste collecting point. Mainly aim to collect old newspaper, magazine, corrugated containers (OCC) or even beverage cans where you can dispose them with free of charge.
   Since it can be used freely without charges at any time which allowed everyone to be not disturbed by various restrictions such as reduction of collection time and places. You can dispose waste paper more easily here, also with a parking lot providing.
Why is “Paper Recycling Eco-Post”?
   Paper recycling Eco-Post has many benefits for people who live nearby. They can leave their waste any time when needed. Normally, in Japan, each type of waste has a specific collecting day, for example, paper waste will be collected on every Monday. At present, Many Households no need to wait until the specified day, they can bring them to our Eco-Post directly whenever they want to. Eco-Post was designed to support even a large number of paper waste.
Accepted Materials
Basically, any “paper” is accepted.
Some Eco-Post stations are also accepting the aluminum cans and steel cans.
But we do not accept clothes, used-clothes, Styrofoam and plastic.
Crime and Fire prevention measure
   Eco-Post located in the city with excellent transportation access. Therefore, we provide service as part of the local function.
   We have installed CCTV and automatic fire extinguishers for crime and fire prevention.
   No worries even there is no staff standby at the site.
   Everyone would know that the honesty of Japanese people is so high, when someone lost his wallet or mobile phone somewhere, above 90% it will be returned. Here, you would have a question of why we needed to install the CCTV at Eco-Post. Of course, waste material has its values due to it can be changed into money. Robbery rarely occurs but it does not mean it will never happen.
   For those reasons’ equipped CCTV will detect the suspect and reported to the Police station in case of waste paper material has been robbed. Because we believe in the motto of “Better prevent than cure”.

Let’s get to know virgin pulp

Virgin pulp can be made from both wood and non-wood. How to classify which plant is wood or
non-wood, it is described as following;
Plant stem, such as bamboo, kenaf, bagasse, rice straw, and so on, which consists of node and internode, is called non-wood. Non-woods have fast growth, contain less lignin when compare with wood. Therefore, other plants that are no node and internode, are called wood. The example of wood and non-wood is shown in the Fig. 1.

Fig. 1 Example of wood and non-wood
Wood can be classified as softwood and hardwood. The differences between softwood and hardwood
are explained as follows;
Hardwood
Hardwoods have large leaves that they shed leaves every autumn such as oak and maple. These plant species slowly grow and usually be found in Europe and America (northern hemisphere).                                                                                                                       
Softwood
Softwoods have a large of annual ring due to fast growth and big trunk. They are usually evergreen
such as pine or spruce.

 

The differences between hardwood and softwood are concluded in Table 1;
Table 1 Comparison between hardwood and softwood
Therefore, the key parameter for application is the fiber length. If the users would like to increase
the strength of the product, the pulp from softwoods should be selected because of their long fiber characteristics.
Fiber length of non-wood cannot be compared with softwood and hardwood because the fiber length
is between the length of softwood and hardwood. However, it depends on the species of non-wood plant.
Daiwa Shiryo Trading can provide virgin pulps both long and short fiber including non-wood species
from many areas as follows;
  • NBKP from Finland
  • LBKP from South Korea
  • Unbleached bamboo pulp from Thailand
  • Bleached bamboo pulp from China
  • etc.
If you are interested in these products, please do not hesitate to contact us via sales@daiwashiryotrading.com for more information.

The notification requirement on waste paper import and export in South Korea

On July 2nd, 2020 South Korea’s Ministry of Environment announced an amendment to the notification
of waste import and export subject to ‘the Act of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes
and Their Disposal’ to cancel waste paper exemption from waste import and export notification
and will take effect from July 3rd.
In the meantime, the waste paper was exempt to notify waste import, so during the past three years ago there is an average of 1.5 million tons of waste paper that has been imported without notification.

So, the Ministry of Environment has classified waste paper as an import and export of waste in order
to prevent environmental pollution caused by waste paper contaminated with foreign substances import and export.
 
Accordingly, all imports and exports of waste paper from July 3rd must submit the notification of import and export waste to the local environment office by attaching waste disposal and transportation plan
and a hazardous substance analysis result.
Besides, the waste paper handover and takeover details must be entered into the Allbaro System (www.allbaro.or.kr). Allbaro System is to manage and monitor the procedure of waste discharging
to final disposal in real time through internet. This is IT basis waste integrated management system
that can cause decreasing of waste, recycling and RFID system by the Korea Environment Corporation under the Ministry of Environment.

However, it was decided to temporarily exempt some of the submitted documents through the pre-consulting audit until the relevant laws were revised.

The notification will be exempted if the shipping process was completed from the export country
before July 3rd based on the departure date in BL or completed export customs clearance in Korea.
But if the amount of contamination exceeds 3% and does not notify, will consider as violate the acts of transboundary movements of wastes even the goods are shipped to Korea or completed export customs clearance before July 3rd.

 

 

Read original in Korean from Ministry of the Interior and safety of Korea
Refer to the information from the Ministry of Environment of Korea (Link)

Recycled pulp

What is the recycled pulp? Recycled pulp or it can be well known as DIP (De-inked Pulp) because the de-inked unit plays a vital role in the recycling process. There are many kinds of raw materials for recycling pulp processes such as OCC, kraft paper, office paper, milk carton, and so on.
What is the utilization of recycled pulp? Recycled pulp is used as a raw material for paper productions such as tissue, packaging box, newsprint, and printing paper. Moreover, it can be used as a compound for construction material including molding production.
Why must be recycled pulp? Of course, the price is cheaper than virgin pulp even though the quality is not comparable but it can be used for the products that do not require very high quality. Additionally, the use of recycled pulp can save water and energy in the process, reduce waste which results in environmental pollution, and reserve the space for other waste which must require for landfills.
Daiwa Shiryo, our mother company located in Osaka, Japan also has a recycled pulp mill at Takatsuki city. This plant has a confidential document destruction service. Almost confidential document are office papers which can be used as raw material for recycled pulp. For recycled pulp process at Takatsuki plant is described in Fig. 1.
Fig. 1 General process diagram for recycled pulp production based on Takatsuki Plant in Osaka
Raw materials are conveyed via a conveyor to the mixer tank and mixed with water and some chemicals using an agitator. This unit can be called as a pulper unit.
The pulper cuts the waste papers into small pieces. In this step, the waste paper becomes a pulpy fluid called pulp.
Pulp is transferred through screening. This process some contaminants such as plastics, metal, and so on are removed. Big particles are transferred to mixer again in order to make them smaller. Small particles of pulp are fed to the de-inked unit.
The de-inked unit is using 2 principles; washing and floating. Pulp is cleaned by rinsing with water in a washing process. Some small ink particles are removed in this stage. Meanwhiles, the bigger particles are removed by air bubbles in a floating process.
To make integrated pulps, pulps are compressed at forming machine and turn into the pulp sheets. Finally, the pulp sheets are cut into the specified size and loaded on the pallets.
Daiwa Shiryo Japan can provide recycled pulp that is BKP-C-B for sale. The main raw material consists of confidential documents and cardboard. If you are interested in this product, please contact us for more information or drop us a message at sales@daiwashiryotrading.com
 

Get to know Thailand’s Scrap and waste recycling market

First, Scrap or Waste in Thailand can be divided into 4 categories.

No.1    Municipal solid waste (daily consumable waste),
started to BAN for importing the municipal solid waste since Jan 2020.
No.2    Plastic waste,
It can be imported to recycle or re-producing into plastic pellets in order to supply to manufacturer again,
this is under controlled of Department of Industrial.
No.3    Electronics waste,
It has been categorizing into 430 items of Electronics waste of which controlled by the HS-CODE (tariff)
for each.
No.4    Paper waste,
Generated from the production process of packaging factories or publishers (pre-consumed papers)
and general used papers.

Second, there are 5 groups of Stakeholders
in Thailand’s scrap
and waste recycling market.

    1. Saleng group* (Tri-cycle collectors or individual collectors)
    2. Collectors group
    3. Recycling yard or Packer group
    4. Paper and Pulp mill group
    5. Governments (ex. DBD, DFT, Customs, Department of Industrial and etc.)
Note:
1. Saleng group is under the control of Thai Recycle Trader Trade Association since May 2020.
2. We, DST is classified as No.2 group.
Thai Recycle Trader Trade Association

Supply Chain of waste papers consist in Thailand

Flow of Supply Chain of waste papers in Thailand

Demands of waste papers

Year 2017: Imported 1.5 million MT of waste papers
Year 2018: Imported 1.4 million MT of waste papers and overall consumption

Overall consumption of waste papers in 2018
Year 2019: Imported 1.8 million MT of waste papers and overall consumption

Overall consumption of waste papers in 2019

Record of the imported waste paper and average price

Thailand scrap papers import

Record of the imported waste paper during 2017-2019 (Jan. – Nov.)

Note: Volume in Million MT per year, Price is in Million Thai Baht. (based on DFT’s data)

If you would like to learn more about Thailand’s scrap and waste papers situation, please feel free to drop us a message at sales@daiwashiryotrading.com